Filling MaterialsToday, the most common dental filling composite materials, compomers, or plastic as they are called, glass ionomer and amalgam. Dental fillings can also be made as fixed posts or entire dental crowns. When used mostly porcelain-ceramic.
A composite filling consists of a plastic mass which contains small particles of quartz or glass. The advantages of a composite filling is that the material is tooth-colored and it can be attached directly to the tooth.
Composite lasts for about 5-10 years and good material for small repairs. Disadvantages are that they are sensitive to the pressures that hard biting pressure and they gather easily plaque (bacteria coatings). They discolour also easy if you are a smoker.
Glass ionomers are a type of dental filling cement containing fluorine. It is common in dental fillings in milk teeth. The main advantage is the ability to absorb and release fluoride, which can help prevent tooth decay (cavities). This makes the material used by adults when it comes to small cavities or at high risk of new holes. Disadvantages include increased sensitivity to liquid and limited strength.
The aesthetic benefits outweigh because these fillings are very similar to a real tooth, both in terms of color and shape. The same applies as for gold fillings – the dentist cooperates with a dental technician.